CLUSTERING OF CREATIVE INDUSTRIES IN THE ЕUROPEAN UNION

Author:

Tkalenko Svitlana, V. Hetman Kyiv National Economic University, (21 Chereshneva Str., 88000 Uzhhorod, Ukraine).

Zhulid-Khrystosenko Yuliia, V. Hetman Kyiv National Economic University, (21 Chereshneva Str., 88000 Uzhhorod, Ukraine).

Language: ukrainian

Annotation:

The process of association in clusters of companies in creative industries in the European Union was investigated. Particular attention was given to the spatial concentration of creative businesses and to its importance for the formation of creative clusters. It was stated that clustering in recent years has become one of the dominant trends of the creative industries sector. The authors have identified the main features and differences between creative clustering and clustering in other industrial sectors of the economy. This article analyzes the features of the functioning and development of creative clusters in the European Union and the basic mechanisms of their support. It was claimed that the EU countries have leading indicators of growth of creative industries in the world, so their cluster policy is the most effective.

Key words:

creativity, creative industries, creative clusters, creative activity concentration, clustering

References:

  1. Benhamou F. L’économie de la culture / Paris : La Découverte, Coll. Repères. – 2001. (3 éd.). – Р. 214.

  2. Chapain C., Comunian R. Enabling and Inhibiting the Creative Economy : The Role of the Local and Regional Dimensions in England / Regional Studies  2009. – Р. 717–734.

  3. Clifton, N. and Cooke, P. The Creative Class in the UK: An Initial Analysis. / Centre for Advanced Studies: Regional Industrial Studies Research Report 43. – Cardiff: Centre for Advanced Studies, – 2007. – Р. 55–62.

  4. Creating growth Measuring cultural and creative markets in the EU – 2014, December. – 100 р.

  5. De Propris, L. and Hypponen, L. Creative Clusters and Governance: The Dominance of the Hollywood Film Cluster. – Cheltenham : Edward Elgar, 2008. – Р. 340–371.

  6. European Cluster Observatory Priority sector report: Creative and cultural industries. – 2011. – Р. 43–56.

  7. European Cluster Observatory. European Cluster Panorama. – 2014. – Р. 70.

  8. European Commission, 2008/0064. Propuesta de decision del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo relativa al Año Europeo de la Creatividad y la Innovación 2009 / Brussels. – 28.03.2008.

  9. European Commission. European Competitiveness Report – 2010 [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/industrial-competitiveness/competitiveness-analysis/european-competitiveness-report/index_en.htm.

  10. European Commission. Promoting cultural and creative sectors for growth and jobs in the EU / COM(2012)537 – 2012 [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52012DC0537.

  11. Florida, R. The Rise of the Creative Class. – London : Basic Books, 2004. – Р. 85–91.

  12. Freeman, A. London’s creative workforce: 2009 update / GLA Economics Working Paper Series, 40. London: GLA Economics. – 2010 [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : http://legacy.london.gov.uk/mayor/ economic_unit/docs/wp40. pdf [Last accessed 21 April 2010].

  13. Ginsburgh V., Throsby D., Bille T., Schulze G. G., Menger P-M. Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture / Amsterdam : Elsevier. – 2006. – Vol. 1. – Р. 765–1100.

  14. Lazzeroni M. High-tech activities, systems innovativeness and geographical concentration / Insights into technical districts in Italy – European Urban and Regional Studies. – 2010. – 17 (1). – Р. 45–63.

  15. Porter M. The competitive advantage of nations. – London : Basic Books, 1990. – Р. 172–184.

  16. Power D., Scott A. Cultural Industries and the Production of Culture. – London : Routledge, 2004. – Р. 75–89.

  17. Scott A. J. The cultural Economy of cities. – London : SAGE Publications, 2000. – Р. 113–134.

Download