«BRAIN DRAIN» FROM UKRAINE AS A THREAT TO NATIONAL SECURITY

Author:

Polkovnychenko Svitlana, Chernihiv National University of Technology, Chernihiv, Ukraine

Kurochka Victoriya, Chernihiv National University of Technology, Chernihiv, Ukraine

Language: ukrainian

Annotation:

The article studies the emigration of highly qualified specialists from Ukraine. The main threats of «brain drain» to the national security of this country, connected with the loss of significant part of the intellectual potential of the country, worsening of qualitative features of labour resources, loss of financial resources spent on training and development of the emigrating professionals, reduction in labour productivity, weakening of the country's competitiveness, are determined. The express opinion poll of students with respect to their intention to leave for other countries has been conducted and its results processed using information technology that explicitly proved the trend for emigration of young specialists. The ways of regulation of the outflow of intellectual capital aimed both at deterring young scientists from going abroad and encouraging them coming back are proposed.

Key words:

intellectual migration, «brain drain», emigration of highly skilled professionals, national security, threats of «brain drain», regulation of the outflow of intellectual capital

References:

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