PRINCIPLES FOR THE FORMATION OF NEW REGIONALISM BY USING THE SYSTEM APPROACH
Butko Mykola, Chernihiv National University of Technology (95 Shevchenka Str., 14035 Chernihiv, Ukraine)
Tulchinskiy Rostislav, PHEI «Academician Yuriy Bugay International scientific and technical university» (3 Magnitogorskiy lane, 02660 Kyiv, Ukraine)
The use of the systematic approach to new regionalism is substantiated, which makes it possible to consider it as a single integral organism with its specific properties, qualities, connections, processes, to coordinate the goals and objectives of development, to distinguish the institutional and managerial determinants of its formation, etc. The methodology of the systematic approach to new regionalism makes it possible: to study and analyze the patterns and mechanisms of the functioning complex objects, to identify the negative influence of factors of different nature on the new regionalism and to mitigate them; to consider the various horizontal and vertical processes inherent in the new regionalism; to reconcile the goals and functional orientation of the new regionalism, taking into account its formation within the systems of different order. It was found that the use of a systematic approach makes it possible: to reconcile the goals and tasks of various levels systems, including the higher order, with the tasks of the new regionalism; direct the methods, procedures, levers on their achievement, as well as reveal the functional integrity of the new regionalism in relation to the needs of regional social systems; to simulate the optimal scenario of development and to evaluate the effectiveness of the new regionalism foration, to predict the further development of regions taking into account the influence of factors and processes of different nature, etc. The proposed system of principles, which consists of general economic and specific principles. The general economic principles are the principles: scientific, complexity, historicism, ontological, dialectic, objectivity, balance, efficiency. In turn, the outlines of general economic principles are the basis for the allocation of specific principles for the new regionalism formation, which take into account, as far as possible, the specifics of this phenomenon and the processes inherent in it, in accordance with the sustainable development of regional social systems. To the specific principles that take into account the features of the new regionalism as much as possible include: continuity, unitary, variability, expediency, adaptability, self-development, subsidiarity, transparency, consciousness, purposefulness, interaction, axiological. The consideration of general economic and specific principles will contribute to the development of measures and to increase the effectiveness of its action towards the formation of a new regionalism.
new regionalism; methodology; system approach; general scientific principles; specific principles.
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